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Research article | Open Access | Published: March 13, 2023

The Evolution of the Gothic Tradition in Victorian Literature

More J. G.

Kai. Bapusaheb Patil Ekambekar Mahavidyalaya, Udgir, Dist. Latur, 413517 India


This research paper explores the evolution of the Gothic tradition in Victorian literature. The paper begins by examining the origins of the Gothic genre in literature and the influence of the Romantic movement on Gothic literature. It then discusses the characteristics, themes, and motifs of Victorian Gothic literature and its popularity in popular culture and media. The paper also examines the impact of social, cultural, and historical changes on Victorian Gothic literature and the role of women writers in shaping the Victorian Gothic tradition. The paper provides examples of Victorian Gothic literature, including Bram Stoker’s “Dracula,” Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein,” and Robert Louis Stevenson’s “The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.” Ultimately, this research paper argues that the Victorian Gothic tradition continues to be an enduring legacy in literature and provides future directions for research in this area.


Gothic tradition; Victorian literature; Horror; Supernatural; Fear; Dark imagery; Haunting; Melancholy; Decadence; Death; Romance; Suspense; Psychological terror; Grotesque; Victorian era

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